As one of UNESCO’s GAP Key Partners, in autumn 2015, SWEDESD, in collaboration with our partners, developed Re-Solve, a reflective and iterative process tool for scaling ESD. We draw on diverse schools of thought about scaling as a general concept and scaling in the education sector as well as real world experience to offer a practical and theoretically sound tool to support scaling of ESD. Re-Solve is a contribution to the GAP to support ESD scaling, thus accelerate progress towards sustainable development.

Specifically, Re-Solve compiles a series of workshops enabling stakeholders to reflect and self-evaluate existing ESD activities or projects; and based on this self-assessment, to define visions, strategies and actions to accomplish their desired scales. Re-Solve adopts a systemic approach that can be adapted according to context. The main purpose is to enable not only an effective but also a locally relevant scaling process.

The key benefits of Re-Solve are as follows:

  • To create a shared language and understanding of ESD scaling
  • To introduce multiple dimensions and pathways for scaling, including vertical, horizontal, functional, spontaneous scaling
  • To underline learning, sustainability and ethics as key elements of successful scaling processes
  • To improve collaboration on scaling across diverse disciplines and multiple stakeholders
  • To transfer the ownership of scaling process from external to internal stakeholder

The Re-Solve Scaling Approach

Re-Solve is used in SWEDESD programs and projects, including Sustainability Starts with Teachers, a flagship project to implement ESD in teacher education institutions in Southern Africa.

Contact: Thao Do,, Martin Mickelsson,

Partners: Re-Solve has been developed in collaboration with Environmental Learning and Research Centre (ELRC) at Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa; and the Southern African Environmental Education Programme (SADC REEP). Find out more about Re-Solve research group here.

Last modified: 2022-09-07