Mental Health Problems, Spatial Mobility and Psychosocial Service Use among Homeless Women in Urban Ethiopia
Urbanization is an increase in the number of cities and urban populations. This increment will lead to social, economic, and psychological changes that constitute the demographic movement. In 2050, the global urban population is likely to increase from 55 to 68 percent. With growing urbanization, most people will prone to risk factors originating from the urban social and/or physical environment, contributing to poor mental health conditions. One phenomenon closely related to urban settings is homelessness. Primary homelessness includes persons living in the streets without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters. It is an increasing concern in countries throughout the world, including low-income countries such as Ethiopia. Compared to the general population of women, homeless women experience higher rates of mental health problems and face barriers to accessing mental health and psychosocial support.
The aim of this study is to assess the mental health, spatial mobility, and psychosocial service use among homeless women in urban Ethiopia. Specifically, the study seeks to assess the perceived effects of primary homelessness and urban environment on mental health conditions, prevalence, and determinants of depression and suicidal behaviour among homeless women and to examine the spatial mobility of homeless women. Additionally, the study aims to explore the barriers and facilitators to the effective delivery of mental health care and psychosocial services for the primary homeless women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The project is conducted in collaboration with Addis Continental Institute of Public Health and is part of Womher research school.
Kalkidan Yohannes Olkamo
PhD student at Department of Women's and Children's Health, Swedesd - Sustainability Learning and Research Centre